Each human body is unique, which is why the ideal treatment is a tailor-made one, based on a patient-specific diagnosis. Until the end of the 20th century, the medicinal approach was more about suppressing symptoms than modifying the illness. These treatments were also accompanied by a variety of unwanted side effects.

Technological developments and new insights since the beginning of the 21st century, however, have enabled scientists to gain more and more insight into the causes of the complaints. Specialists have noticed that there are many different factors that each influence neurological and psychiatric disorders. These factors differ for each patient, just like his DNA, cognitive skills or the impact of environment.

By mapping out all these patient-specific parameters, scientists can start to create tailor-made diagnoses for each patient. This enables them to develop a personalised treatment, because of which they can intervene in the cause of the disorder or limit its development.  

Due to the complexity of neurological and psychiatric disorders this diagnostic approach, and the related personalised medical treatment, will become a major part of a broader range of treatments. The gradual development towards a tailor-made treatment of each patient is therefore an interdisciplinary story.